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  • Learning to go faster before learning to stop quicker.

  • Pushing mostly toward the back -- instead of toward the side.

or prehaps even better: slicing the skate forward.

  • Trying to get propulsion power only by direct pushing by the leg muscles -- missing the possibility of adding power by shifting the body strongly side-to-side

  • Setting the foot down already a ways out toward the side it's going to push toward -- instead of close in near under its hip.

or perhaps even better: across on the other side of its hip from the side it will push toward.

  • Trying to get good at skating up hills, before learning to control speed going down them.

  • Thinking that skating is like running but with each step directed diagonally at a 45 angle to the side and back, and with a little glide-rest in between steps -- instead of discovering the magic of skating.

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  • Trying to get maximum use of major leg-extension muscles without first flexing the ankle deeply forward.

  • Confusing deep knee-bend with deep forward-ankle-flex. Or confusing leaning the head and shoulders way forward with with deep forward-ankle-flex.

  • Gliding passively for a moment after set-down -- instead of immediately beginning active push out toward the side with little-known muscles on the outside of the leg.

  • Trying to skate up a steep hill the same way as skating on the flat.

  • Timing upper-body side-shift moves to absorb and soften the leg-push force instead of strengthen it -- resulting in less propulsive power than if just kept the upper body relaxed.

  • Trying to learn by concepts and self-perceptions -- without adding objective video observation and external coaching.

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  • Swinging arms mainly forward-backward instead of mainly side-to-side.

  • Finishing the extension of the leg-push by carving with the knee-extension muscles -- without also adding ankle-extension to push with ball+toe of foot.

(except that ankle-extension does not work on non-klap ice skates)

  • Starting the next leg-push immediately after current leg-push ends -- instead of setting down the next foot early and already starting the next push before current leg-push finishes.

  • Starting upper-body side-shift moves too early -- so the acceleration adds to force through leg-push, but the deceleration comes so soon that it fails to add force to the next leg-push, or even cancels out the gain from acceleration.

  • Thinking that the leg-push of skating is basically simple -- instead of looking for creative ways to enhance each move and each phase.

  • Not seeing how the leg-Recovery phases can already add propulsive force -- not just prepare for future propulsive phases.

double-push stroking

  • Moving the skate thru the correct new curved path -- without making a new kind of push which engages new muscles.

Symptom of this problem: Saying that double-push increases my endurance, but doesn't increase my speed much.

  • Leaving other aspects of stroke-cycle unchanged -- instead of radically re-working the leg-recovery and set-down phases and arm- and torso-swing timing, to take advantage of the new possibilities opened up by double-push.

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